The Meaning of a Red Cardinal Sighting

red cardinal sighting meaning

The Significance of a Red Cardinal Sighting

Messages from Spirit can come in many forms, but the red cardinal has long been held as the most notable spiritual messenger. The male cardinals are certainly hard to ignore with their striking red feathers and melodic yet almost “pay-attention-to-me” chirps. And when they come to you almost insistently trying to gain your attention, it’s likely you’re receiving a message from Spirit.

A Spiritual Messenger

The notion that cardinals are messengers of Spirit exists across many cultures and beliefs. Numerous things in our world have been given the designation of cardinal such as cardinal colors, cardinal directions and cardinal angels, for example, signifying their importance.

The word cardinal itself is derived from the Latin word cardo, meaning hinge or axis. Like a hinge on a door, the cardinal is the hinge on the doorway between our Earthly world and the Spirit world, carrying messages back and forth.

The cardinal can be associated with many myths and traditions surrounding renewal, good health, happy relationships, monogamy and protection, just to name a few. Looking at the life of a cardinal, it’s easy to see why so many good associations are connected to it: cardinals mate for life, they are non-migratory birds so they remain in their immediate area all their lives and all year long, protecting their turf. And after the couple gives birth, both parents work together to assure the health, welfare and security of their family unit.

If you believe that cardinals are a winged messenger from Spirit, then the next time you see one who is insisting on getting your attention, ask yourself these questions: What or who were you thinking of at that moment? Did you ask for guidance from Spirit or ask for help finding the answer to an important question? Allow your cardinal sightings to bring you a feeling of peace, knowing you are being heard. Let their visits remind you that you are always guided and protected by Spirit. Above all, don’t forget to thank your winged friends and Spirit for their guidance.


Visits from the Other Side

When deceased loved ones want you to know that they’re around, one way they might do that is to send messengers from the animal kingdom: small, brightly-colored bugs, birds and butterflies are not an uncommon choice. Things with wings tend to get our attention, and if you allow yourself to get tuned in, you might even feel who has sent them to you in hopes you’ll receive their message—even if that message is a simple acknowledgement that your loved ones are always around. And if you’re pondering something and asking the Universe for guidance, seeing a cardinal or the like is telling you that you’re being heard and guidance is being offered.

Native American Culture and Shamanism

Many Native American tribes tell stories and hold beliefs surrounding the cardinal (often called, the “red bird”). In Cherokee creation stories, the first red bird is considered to be the daughter of the Sun itself, giving the cardinal a feminine connection, even though the more brightly colored of a pair is the male. The Choctaw people believe that the cardinal is an omen regarding relationships: if you’re single, it could be a sign that your status is about to change; if your relationship is in trouble, the cardinal can be seen as a warning that things need to change. Some Native American cultures believe that cardinals help them predict changes in the weather, serve as watchers and guardians, and still others look to red cardinal sightings as a sign of what direction to travel or follow. The color red itself is considered protection from enemies and illness.

No matter the story, belief or tradition, it’s clear that a red cardinal sighting played an important role in Native American heritage. In their practice, Native American shamans utilize the medicine wheel. The basic makeup of this medicine wheel includes the four sacred, or cardinal, directions: north, south, east and west, and the four cardinal colors: red, blue, black and white. In the medicine wheel, the color red is most associated with the East, the season of spring and animals of flight, including the cardinal. It is believed that words spoken in the direction of the East are carried on wings and delivered directly to Spirit.

Cardinal Angels

Four of the seven Archangels are considered Cardinal Angels, and they are Michael, Gabriel, Raphael and Uriel. Cardinal Angels are tasked with influencing and inspiring large groups, such as cultures and nations. This is very similar to the Native American belief that Spirit offers guidance, protection and direction through messengers.

Red Cardinal Sightings

The red cardinal has played many prominent roles throughout our history. It continues to be an important part of our human experience, especially in bridging the gap between Earth and Spirit and bringing the wisdom of the Universe to our doorstep in a bright and beautiful way. All we have to do is pay attention.

73 thoughts on “The Meaning of a Red Cardinal Sighting

  1. Benny Caruso

    Hello, my name is Benjamin. I live here in South Jersey, USA. For the past three mornings, right around daybreak, I have been visited by a beautiful little red flying creature that has caught my curious attention. My air conditioner is still in my bedroom window as I hear little footsteps on the outside metal of the unit. On every morning so far, I see a little face peering in my window at me, bopping up and down, and walking from side to side! Then it flys away suddenly to a nearby tree grasping a branch with its tiny claws. Then it flys back to the outside of my window and begins peering in at me once again. Like I said, today is the third day this has happened, always at dawn! I do not believe in Physics, but I do believe in a wonderful creator who has made all things for His pleasure and ours. I love this beautiful little bird and believe that somehow, this heavenly little omen knows it! This whole thing brings me to tears as this is happening at a somewhat low and lonely time in my life. I know that my creator works in mysterious ways, just like that little red friend, is He trying to assure me that I too will also fly away soon? Resurrection and Rapture are so near! I think The Lord is telling me that. Everything is in place. The Bride has made herself ready! There will be many beautifully multicolored winged creatures there at this wedding celebration, I believe my little red friend will be one of them! John 3:16

  2. Maritza Neris

    Great stories…I saw my first two cardinals today October 5, 2017..Im so happy because that means they are hearing me. I pray to be able to help my family in Puerto Rico after the horrible hurican Maria. I have not able to work due to an accident and have no money, but I pray to my deceased parentes to help me so I can help them. Now and positive that I will be able to do so.

  3. Bonnie

    I just looked out my window and saw 6 cardinals in the bush outside . Have never seen more than 2 in one place before . Is this a sign ?

    1. Heidi Dodpapas

      Yes. A good sign. Put my moms ashes where she wanted them. ..when i went back 3 male cardinals were there…it let me know “I’d done good” by her… ❤️

  4. Nad

    I have very unusual situation in life and it could be even dangerous. Actually it is already dangerous. I was thinking about what to do to get out of situation. Today I was walking and noticed a red cardinal in a bush, at the left from a sidewalk. He was jumping there, then jumped on the sidewalk, scearing other birds away and taking from them some piece of food, probably bread. Then he jumped on the border, and then disappeared in same bushes. I was amazed with his red color and unusual beautiful appearance, felt it was some sign. Was this sign?
    Thank you, Nad

    1. LJ

      Dear Nad: Sounds to me like he certainly wanted you to notice him. Were you thinking of someone at that moment? Have you asked a crossed over loved one for a sign? There are many possibilities. Cardinals also symbolize renewal of spirit within ourselves. You can answer this better than anyone.

  5. Tony Mastrovecchio

    On June 25,2017 I posted a quote about the red cardinal, I’m posting another today wondering if anyone could answer a question for me. On June 7th of 2013 my mom pasted away and I was totally drought, still having my mom on my mind on June 18, 2017 a very good friend past on this date. I don’t know if when seeing a red cardinal would be my mom or my friend. Can anyone help me with this answer?

    1. teagan

      I’m sorry about your mom and friend I think if u do see a red cardinal it’s from your mom or friend!!!

    2. Trini Arevalo

      That includes me…how do we know who is the angel and what is the message? My mom passed away Dec 30.2013..before that my dear friend whom i called sweetheart..passed away Nov 21.2013..and just about everyday these beautiful Red Cardinals appear on my front and back yard. LOVELY

  6. T.

    Dreamed of Cardinals . They, were up high in a Tree as I walked by .Felt excited to see them .Then the Male flew down in a lower left brush area on the ground. I laid down flat to See and talk. He got close ,then flew back up the Tree w/ the Female and they left. It, was a powerful Vibrant Dream . Wondering the true meaning.

  7. Mery

    Every morning for more than one month in our window come Red Cardinal and he hit window 3-4 times like he want to come inside. This is very interesting can you tell me what is this sign please

  8. Glenna J

    For the first time today, I saw a pair of cardinals. Is there a special meaning or significance to sighting a pair?

  9. Christy

    On June 2, 2017, I had just left my house and was driving to work when a red Cardinal flew in front of me. I then kept driving and soon saw a black hearse. My dad had been ill for a year now, with Mesothelioma. He was to have a surgery that morning while I was driving to work. I left work early that day remembering both of those significant sightings and later got a call from my mother saying I needed to come to the hospital. Later that day, my father died.

  10. Kris

    Not until I read all the comments was I sure that the red cardinal that dove straight at my windshield yesterday and flew away was sending a message. I have been finding pennies everywhere. I don’t know who is sending me a message but I know someone is!

  11. Jody

    My Father passed away 5/8/17.

    I’m currently staying at his home.
    Red Birds everyday in the yard. Also the same two hummingbirds feed everyday.
    Happy to read these comments.
    The one RED BIRD makes sure I see him
    each time..I had no idea this was a sign.

    1. Keunsha

      9/12\2016 Had a stillborn baby just started having visitors from red cardinals in humming birds(baby boy/Ethan)

  12. Linda

    I had a wreck yesterday. A cardinal came and looked me in my face today, the very next day. It was if she was saying,”Are you ok?”

  13. Carolyn

    Today, July 3,2017 I was driving in my neighborhood and a red cardinal flew into my windshield. Thankfully, the bird only clipped on wing on the windshield as I swerved to miss hitting the bird. The bird continued on with his / her flight. Well, not too terribly unusual, however, a few miles down the road ( 15 minutes or so ) , another red cardinal flew almost directly into the windshield as I slammed on my brakes ( I have extremely good reflexes like top 3% in the US ) I let another cardinal avoid a death by car. I just thought rather odd for two cardinals to narrowly miss death by my driving skills/reflexes. I am quite sure this is a sign of some kind.

  14. Michelle Barger

    I did not see a Red Cardinal but I had a dream about one. The love of my life died 6 years ago. It rocked my world. I dream about him from time to time. Last night was one of those nights. I was crying in my dream because I miss him. Then I saw a Red Cardinal. I made a note in my dream to remember the Red Cardinal because I was sure Ken was trying to tell me something. Can somebody tell me what Ken was trying ti tell me?

    1. Angel

      That’s the love of your life telling you that he loves you, misses and is always there with u in your

  15. Alexandra Mas

    My fiance Nate passed away on June 13, 2017 at 34 unexpectedly. I have been seeing red cardinals everywhere these past few weeks and I had a feeling it was him since he has reddish hair…I am so happy to read it really is his spirit or a spirit he has sent to let me know he is in heaven waiting for me…tears….

  16. Amanda McHone

    My Mama passed away on March 10, 2012. She had this beautiful, long red hair! After her passing, I started seeing red cardinals everyday, some following my car, some flying right in front of my car. Since then, I have lost a step brother, a 10 year relationship partner, & my only biological sibling, my brother!! That was in 2015….. I continue to see multiple red cardinals, everyday!! They do give me piece, & I always say “thank you Mama!”

  17. Ty

    Omg! On June 2 which was a Friday I sent my daughter a picture of what I thought to be a Red Robin. We talked about it and left it at it, well today me and my mate was sitting on the sofa talking about a Red Robin, he asked me did I blow a kiss at it, I looked at him stranger. Well long story short, I went back to think the day I saw it was the anniversary death of my uncle. I didn’t want to go to the vigil that day because he’s been gone for 15 yrs now. I felt like they need to let him rest. Then I thought about the bird I said awe man that maybe a sign from my uncle. Not sure what to feel or how to feel about it but I do miss his dearly. And for some reason the bird let me get close and not only that he wouldn’t move I got a picture and now when I go back to work and I see it it’ll remind me of my uncle Oh how much I miss him

  18. Tony Mastrovecchio

    Today is June 25th 2017, it started raining outside with heavy down pours it was about 5 PM when I got up off my couch to close the window when I spotted a Red Cardinal on a branch of my pine tree, where I recognized a saying on Facebook. I had to look up the meaning when I read it I found myself Blessed. It was a sign that a peaceful spirit telling me everything is going to be alright…

  19. Chloe [9421]

    What a wonderful article LJ!
    Cardinals are indeed a sign of blessing. Winged creatures speak to our soaring spirit.

    Throughout our life different animal totems may present themselves to us. When we pay attention to both what the animal represents, and their habit, and behavior, we gain valuable insight into when and why an animal may be appearing in our life.

    It’s also interesting to note that sometimes an animal is appearing because they need our light and protection!

    Thank you for such an informative article LJ

    Love & Light,
    Psychic Chloe [9421]

  20. Patti G

    I’ve had a Cardinal banging its head daily sun up to sun down rain, sleet, or snow into my dining room window since last August. I’ve tried everything to get him to stop but he incessantly beats on my window. It’s the first thing I hear every morning. Please tell me why and if he’s a messenger, what am I not hearing? I believe we are sent messages from our loved ones who have passed on and omens of things to come through nature but I’ve been unable to figure this one out. Help!!

    1. Jennie

      He’s seeing his reflection in the window and as a defender, is insistent in protecting, not realizing it’s himself that he is fighting. I have one too that would do this every morning as I meditated and it stopped me due to only concentrating on him. Finally, I embraced him and now the whole family is aware of Carl and Carla – our family cardinals. We say good morning to them when seen or heard. There is love in my heart and love for him as he reminds me about of life almost daily.

  21. Patti

    I’ve had a Cardinal banging its head daily sun up to sun down rain, sleet, or snow into my dining room window since last August. I’ve tried everything to get him to stop but he incessantly beats on my window. It’s the first thing I hear every morning. Please tell me why and if he’s a messenger, what am I not hearing?

    1. Mia Young

      There’s several things that come to mind. First, I would think the window would be significant, in the sense that windows are often symbolically referred as being the windows of the soul. Specifically, “eyes are the windows of the soul”. Another concept could be related to the biblical perspective stating that God never closes a door without opening a window. Personally, the incessant persisistance of the cardinal would tell me there’s a sense of urgency that requires your immediate attention. My recommendation would be to remove the clutter and chaos from your life so that you can hear the message that it’s trying to convey. Lastly, open the window and look at what doors have been closed in your life.
      Just a small guess! 🙂

  22. Tonia Little

    I have got seven cardinals in my yard .they have been out here for 6 days know .just chirping away . And we been living here for 2 months know . How do you post pictures

  23. Tonia Little

    I have got seven cardinals in my yard .they have been out here for 6 days know .just chirping away . And we been living here for 2 months know .

  24. Tracy

    I really enjoy reading my horoscope and your very interesting blogs and the comments from the other people who read them. I see cardinals alot but I never knew why. I was thinking of moving to North Carolina with my boyfriend, but my family lives in PA and I’ve lived there all my life, so I wasn’t sure until a cardinal landed in the tree outside my window. The cardinal is North Carolina’s state bird. I took that as a sign.

    1. LJ

      Very interesting Tracy – I love that you followed spirit’s guidance. I should tell you that the cardinal is the state bird in seven US states – which says a lot about how special cardinal symbolism is, but you may also look to those other states as possible moves for the two of you in the future. Best of luck.

    2. Carolyn

      You just helped me figure something out ! NC, red, Republican and obstacles out of the State I moved away from. Red is also the color of passion, heart conditions and Aids Awareness. Two cardinals within a time span of 15 minutes from each other almost flew completely into my windshield while I was driving. .

    3. rhonda

      I Live in Charlotte NC and I have one come visit me every morning after I pray.
      I will say Amen and about 5 mins later hes there just flapping and singing. Jump NC is wonderful

  25. Teresa

    My fathers name is Henry he passed away 11 years ago. I have a Cardinal that I call Henry and he comes every morning when I call him to feed. He will sit on my porch and eat when no other birds will land in the feeder when I’m at the door. Henry will stay and when he’s hungry he will chirp till I go out and feed him. They all think I’m crazy but I have even video the event. He brings me joy and a smile to my face when he comes. 3 years ago I lost a close friend and that next morning there was 2 cardinals that had landed outside my window, I truly feel that Henry brought Freddie to see me and let me know they are both safe.

    1. Peggy Davis

      Thank you for your beautiful story. I have been seeking Caridals frequently over the past few weeks. I am going through some difficult situations. I now believe that I know who is sending me messages from the spirit world other than Heavenly Father and Jesus Christ. It’s a friend of mine that passed on Thanksgiving night in 2016. They are letting me know that everything is going to be alright. Be blessed

    2. Sage

      Nice! Love this! My father’s name is Henry too! He passed but comes to visit in different forms. You are not crazy!!! Thank you for sharing your experience. It has value to me!

  26. Monia Batiste

    I was crying out to the spirit world today, I was stunned by the cardinals way he flew to the street in front of my truck and refused to move, I thought I hit it. I slammed on the breaks and he flew away. I made it to thecorner and turned left and 3 more was flying. In front of truck then suddenly dispersed 2 going right and 1 left. Meaning Has truly got me emotional. My Angels heard my cry. Humble myself.. Thank you for my sign today.

  27. Karen

    My mom passed 20 years ago but I still “talk ” to her and ask her to watch over me almost daily. A year and a half ago the company I work for was acquired and I wasn’t sure if I would have a job or not. About the same time a red cardinal started coming and sitting at my window just looking inside. Then after a while he started knocking on the window with his beak. He comes every day all day long and just looks in the window. sometimes he gets very animated and jumps around. Other times he just sits there. Today for the first time the female also came to the window. This is the first time I have seen her. I have pictures and videos. I is the cutest thing.

  28. Dannyelle

    I always see cardinals in my backyard, but never knew about giving a “spirit message” until 2 days ago when I was telling my friend how much I miss my brother that past away 28 days ago, now every time I see a cardinal it bring me a smile. Thank you for all the stories seen so many beautiful messages brings me good memories. God Bless you all.

  29. Sophia

    My grandfather always fed the cardinals outside his house. After he passed, our family was sitting in a circle eating after the funeral. A cardinal landed on a low hanging wire right about us and sat there for 15 minutes. I knew it mean that an angel was near. Later I got a job at pottery barn and was opening a box of ornaments that were all life size cardinals. Then a lady from my grandfathers home town came into the store and knew my grandfather personally and told me that he was watching over me that day. I then started seeing cardinals everywhere and sharing my story. Then several of the customers that bought the cardinals told me similar stories regarding loved ones. A few days later a quote popped up on my Pinterest with a cardinal saying “When you believe beyond what your eyes can see miracles from heaven show up to remind you that love still exists.” I’ve moved across the country now and a cardinal lands on my boyfriends truck every morning. I truly believe it’s my grandfather’s spirit!

  30. Katrina

    My mother recently passed away and just 8 months earlier my father passed away. I had many spiritual encounters with my father after his passing but had not experienced it with my mother. Someone related to me recently an experience they had seeing cardinals after a loved one had passed. Until then I had never heard this. I praying last week asking GOD for a sign that my parents were now together and happy. The next morning when opened the curtains to look outside in the yard there were two sitting outside together looking inside my window. I knew this came from my parents and I felt a sense of peace.

  31. Crystal

    My goodness!! I have to tell this story that I once experienced with a red cardinal bird, just recently, and would like to know what it means… I was working one Friday morning at someone’s house, cleaning up the kitchen… where they also have a glass sliding door with sheer curtains hanging up… Anyway, I was sweeping the floor and I kept hearing something ‘tapping’ on the glass door; I dimissed it the first time, then, I heard it again, so, I went to go see what it was… As if it was ‘insisting’ to get my attention one way or the other. I peeped out of the window and long behold It was a RED CARDNIAL BIRD, tapping away! That has never happened before. I am still trying to figure out what could this bird have wanted with me… HELP PLEASE! 🙂

  32. Marjorie Regina Howard

    I’m a true believer.. It’s hard sometimes to talk to people about certain unexplainable things but I know there is another place and there are signs everywhere around us…I’m so glad that I’m tuned in and not afraid. .

  33. Quinn ext.5484Psychic Quinn

    All summer at 5 p.m. a red Cardinal came to eat at my house. I feed the birds all year long even in the snow… this year as a gift from mother nature a robin built a nest right in the little tree in front of my kitchen window. I got see her sit on the eggs and with the blessings from the bird gods I got a picture of the last baby bird leaving the nest. it was an amazing experience. my Cardinal doesn’t come around anymore… maybe he found a better bird feeder 🙂

    1. LJ

      Psychic Quinn:
      I love those stories. I’m sure your cardinal will be back. In real life or sent by Spirit, they’re always around. And I’m sure no one has a better feeder than someone who loves birds so much. The robin is the way my mom comes to me; Monarch butterflies for my nephew. Everyone comes as they wish, when they wish I suppose. It’s a wonderful, comforting feeling they bring. Enjoy.

  34. jthomas

    08/10/2016. 4:14 a.m. Re: Meaning of a Red Cardinal(red bird).” that I saw Looking out my kitchen window. In March, 2016. chirping-‘n-the-trees! “March 12th 2016. my cousin;(Mary) crossed.” In betimes. Oh! how she’s missed.!! Lately, I’ve dreamed and saw my ( Mother & grandmother). in GREAT- Cheer! seems they never left!! (jthomas) LOL! Love and Light! Live’n-Peace;Not Pieces!

    1. LJ

      JThomas: This is absolutely a good point. Sometimes when someone passes, before they’ve crossed over, their spirit may to you in this manner. Birds, butterflies and “things with wings” are a wonderful thing. And you can tell when it’s just a visitor or when it’s just a random fly-by. They’re insistent on getting your attention when it’s someone here to see you. I’m glad you could feel so at peace.

    1. LJ

      Dear Maia: You’ve just touched upon their greatest gift of all – feeling joy. Whether they bring a message from Spirit, or it’s just a simple, beautiful part of nature coming into your view, it doesn’t really matter, because that is their gift – to bring you a feeling of joy, exactly the way you described it. Enjoy.

  35. Tina D'Angelo

    I have an angel . I know it to be true. He has helped me many times and has got me threw many tough times.When I was a
    single mother of 2 . I was afraid at times,but he got me threw it.The angel is my son. He pasted away 21 years ago, but I know hes always there to guide and help.I feel his presence , mostly when I’m sad or afraid. I have told people stories of how he helped me
    thought the years. I know it is him. I feel him in my heart. This is my story.

    1. LJ

      Dear Tina: I’m very sorry for your loss. It’s not easy to lose someone, but it is comforting to know that they’re really never far – and they’re always there to help you and guide you and just be near you. I’m so glad that you can comfort each other with your presence, thoughts and prayers for one another. May it always bring you great joy and put a smile on your face.

    1. LJ

      Hello Ronald: Well I’m really glad you enjoyed reading it as much as I enjoyed writing it and sharing the message. Thank you!

  36. Marilyn Lewis

    Thanks. So much for the. Infor God told me from a man of God that i will have. Three Angeles. With. Me.THanks. again. Now i no there name

    1. LJ

      Hello Marilyn. I’m so glad you can connect with our angels so easily. They love when you talk to them. They also love doing things to make our journey through life as good as possible; we need only ask (and by all means be specific in your requests). Of course we should always remember to thank them as well.

  37. Okpako Macsam Azanor

    Good and inspirational.
    I like to read more of this.
    Always send to my mailbox messages like this.

    1. LJ

      Hello There Okpako. Thank you for your lovely comment. I’ll be sure to write more about these things. And, of course, we’ll send more to you in your mailbox, look for something new every day.

  38. mariaelena

    thanks for this. i always see this when i think about my dad who has past on. it never fails i always see him around his birthday or death day or i feel like i need him around me. thanks.

    1. LJ

      Dear Mariaelena: Isn’t it wonderful to know they’re always with us? What a wonderful feeling?

    1. LJ

      Hi Karen: If you see the red bird while you’re driving, perhaps he’s pointing you in the right direction to go to find your answers. Just remember please to keep your eyes on the road more than the bird – LOL. Happy travels.

  39. Estelle McClurg

    OMG! I’ve been thinking about and “talking” to my deceased husband lately – he’s been gone 16 years now and I miss him every day. This morning I noticed a beautiful red cardinal outside my kitchen window and thought nothing of it until I read this message!!!

    1. LJ

      Hi Estelle – That’s a beautiful story and a timely message. I’m so happy that you had this experience, and I hope you have may more. Now whenver you see the red bird, you’ll know he’s dropped by to bring a smile to your face and to let you know he’s with you always.

  40. Jennifer

    Two huming birds came to me during this time when I was experiencing something amazing but it was good I don’t no how to explain this happened in the past two days. But for several weeks I been feeling like something I happening like energy running through my body i m sorry I don’t to explain but its driving me crazy a little like LM supposed to do something my thoughts are crazy i don’t think this is bad but I feel there’s something I just can’t think clearly about this energy . but I think the homingbirds there were two like this moment I’m speaking of was amazing

    1. LJ

      Hi Jennifer: The hummingbirds are great examples of “things with wings” that begged to be noticed. You are feeling (and seeing) a message from Spirit. Don’t be anxious or feel crazy – this is a beautiful thing that should bring you a peaceful, hopeful feeling. Think for a minute if you’ve been asking God or the Great Spirit a question; or perhaps you’ve been thinking of someone lately who has passed … or perhaps they’re just thinking of you. Let your intuition guide you to the answer that “feels right.” You’ll know.

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